HMH and J.R.R. Tolkien: A Timeline

1938 — The Hobbit

1954 — The Fellowship of the Ring

1955 — The Two Towers

1956 — The Return of the King

1965 — First American paperback edition sparks craze on college campuses. "Frodo Lives" and "Gandalf for President" buttons are seen everywhere.

1971 — Led Zeppelin IV album includes songs inspired by Tolkien.

1977 — The Silmarillion sells more than a million hardcover copies in the United States.

1983 — Christopher Tolkien's monumental twelve-part History of Middle-earth series begins with The Book of Lost Tales .

1991 — The Lord of the Rings Centenary Edition, illustrated by Alan Lee, is published.

2000 — The Lord of the Rings tops many international "Book of the Century" fan polls.

2001 — New Line Cinema releases the first film in the Tolkien trilogy: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring.

2002 — The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers is released.

2003 — The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King is released.

2004 — Houghton Mifflin celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of The Fellowship of the Ring with a spectacular new edition of The Lord of the Rings .


2007 — The Children of Húrin  is published, the first complete work by J.R.R. Tolkien since the 1977 pubication of The Silmariilion.


2009 — The first publication of Tolkien's retelling of the epic tale of a Norse hero, The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún , is released.


2012 — Houghton Mifflin Harcourt celebrates the 75th anniversary of the publication of The Hobbit with new editions of the book. In December, Warner Bros. releases the film The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey.